The establishment of the “Pepiniera Istrița” in 1893 – initially with the task of multiplying the viticultural propagation material resistant to the attack of the filoxer who had destroyed the viticultural heritage in only 10 years – was the only solution for the development of fruitful heritage in the area of the Bend Subcarpathians. In the first years after its establishment, one of the problems was the “collection and study of saplings that would fit the neighboring regions” (Nicoleanu, 1898), so in 1895 there was a rich collection of varieties of almost all species of trees and fruit bushes.
It can be appreciated that in the 119 years of existence (1893-2012), Pepiniera Istrița has undergone several stages of development:
The location belonged to the Wine Service of the Agriculture Directorate of the Ministry of Agriculture, Industry, Commerce and Domains and had an area of 380 ha, taken over by the state, by the secularization of monasteries by Prince Al. I. Cuza, from Ciolanu Monastery, Buzău County.
At the initiative of the State, Pepiniera Istrița is established, the legal base being constituted by Law no. 2109 of July 1, 1891. The main purpose of the location was to fight the Philoxenia, to save the remaining vineyards and to produce quality seedlings for the replanting of the destroyed vineyards, as well as to collect and study the fruit trees that would be better suited to the neighboring regions.
At Pepiniera Istrița there is organized a Professional Agricultural School for the training of agricultural workers (lasting 3 years). It was the first practical school of hemlocks in Romania, and this handicraft has been transmitted to this day, from generation to generation.
As a result of this year’s peasant rebellions, 60 ha of peasants were divided.
Until the start of the First World War, the unit had a thriving state, developing progressively almost all branches of agricultural activity.
During the war the buildings and plantations were degraded and destroyed. The rebuilding of the location and re-establishing the plantations started, expanding the field of concern in the fruit-growing sector and setting up collections and orchards of fruit trees.
By applying the provisions of the law on agrarian reform, the Ministry of Agriculture has had the opportunity to increase and give a more pronounced fruit to some series of locations, among them the Pepiniera Istriţa.
The state budget allocates 1.5 million lei for the construction of the hostel, the canteen and the dining room for students, a stone building that is still present.
On the occasion of the International Agriculture Congress in Bucharest, “La Pepiniere de l’Etat Istriţa” appeared at the “Ramuri” Publishing House in Craiova, under the aegis of the Viticulture Direction within the Ministry of Agriculture and Domains.
This year, Istrița was taken over by the Academy of High Agricultural Studies in Bucharest, which, due to the complexity of the agricultural branches represented in the unit, used it as a teaching staff and a practice center for the students and graduates of the Academy.
Young generations, young agricultural practitioners made their apprenticeship as training students and trainees in Istrița, familiarizing themselves with the issues specific to viticulture, fruit growing, field crops, animal husbandry, fruit processing, many of whom became leaders of production units, university professors, ministry directors, etc.
By the Decree – Law no. 447 of May 17, 1941, Nestin Istriţa, property of the state, “is given to the Faculty of Agronomy of Bucharest”.
Art 1. For the purpose of increasing the patrimony of the Faculty of Agronomy in Bucharest, on the date of this decree-law, in the full ownership of this institution, the following goods pass:
Pepiniera Istriţa and Pietroasa Experimental Vine were transferred to the Horti-Viticultural Research Institute and transformed into Istriţa Horti-Viticultural Experimental Station.
Istriţa Resort is abolished. The Istriţa was taken over and became a section of I.A.S. Sahateni.
Pepiniera Istrița is ranked at I.A.S. Tohani, Prahova County.
The unit returns to I.A.S. Săhăteni.
In September, I.A.S. Haciteni was abolished, the vineyards and trees of the Pepiniera Istrița forest passed to I.A.S. Cândeşti-Buzău.
In the summer of this year, I.A.S. Săhăteni, Pepiniera Istrița belong again to this unit.
Establishment of the Cândeşti-Buzău Pomicol Research and Production Resort, which also takes over the Pepiniera Istriţa. The activity in Istrița is divided into 2 sectors:
This year represents a new stage in the activity of the Pepiniera Istriţa and the fruit sector in general. The activity of research and production of quality seedlings in the recommended range was resumed.
By HG 2155 of December 20, 2004 “It is approved the takeover of the Istriţa farm, the Buzău Fruit Growing … with the area of 295.14 ha, by the University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Bucharest”.